Thailand has an intensive infrastructure for health services- NGOs, Medical Sector (private) and government health services. The advantage which people from other countries enjoy is being well versed in English, Dentists, opticians and general practitioners, can connect better. However, in case an English speaking individual is unavailable in an emergency then it is suggested that one call the tourist helpline (1155) or an international hospital. Majority of hospitals are managed by the ministry of Public Health in Thailand. Health and medical care in Thailand is supervised by Ministry of Public Health and many more non ministerial government agencies and the total national expenditure in the grounds of health management is about 4.3 percent of GDP as recorded in the year 2009.
Government Health Care:
The Ministry of Public Health houses the Department of Medical Services which is funded by the government.
The Ministry is concerned with and in charge of Medical Services, Government hospitals and Medical Services
– Government hospitals provide standard services, however due to large crowds, waiting times tend to be long,
and with the facilities often not being at par with private options.
– However, there are certain issues with the fact that Thailand does not have a primary health care system and
hence a general all around practitioner is hard to find and one has to always go to specialists.
– However, Thailand has been the proud achiever of most of the U.N. Millennium development goals,
especially the three pertaining heath care.
– A major part of the health services are delivered by the public sector through 1,002 hospitals
9,765 health stations.
It provides exceptional medical services and has thus resulted in Thailand becoming the foremost Asian medical tourism haunt. Department of Health service supports through the Medical Registration Division monitor these hospitals. Here is a list of medical treatments that are commonly done in Thailand and their approximate costs in $.
Probable cost in $
|Heart Valve Replacement||21212|
|Lasik (both eyes)||1818|
|Cornea (both eyes)||1800|
Non Profit Organisations:
Thailand has a number of different types non profit oriented agencies to help the less privileged in society
Red Cross, Médecins Sans Frontières and World Vision.
Thailand enjoys a universal health coverage scheme since 2002. In 2002, the public health financing system of Thailand was rehabilitated. This helped provide cover to an additional 18 Million people and better comprehensive coverage to 29 Million who had hitherto been inadequately covered under erstwhile systems and schemes.
A long and successful history of health development is what W.H.O. has to say about Thailand’s health care journey. Currently, life expectancy at birth stands at 70 years whereas 96% of the total populace has access to the standard hygiene (sanitation) and drinking water facilities.
The infant mortality rate has improved from 26 per 1000 (1990) to 9 per 1000 (2008).
Thailand’s health expenditure is broadly stretched over government agencies, local governments, public insurance schemes and several ministries.
Thailand has achieved universal health care through:
– For civil servants & families: the civil service welfare system
– Private Employees: Social Security
– Rest of the Thai populace: Universal Coverage scheme (U.C.S.).
In the times to come, Thailand faces a stiff challenge from rising costs. The U.C.S. (Universal Coverage Scheme) might have afforded better access to enormous multitudes of the population but long term sustenance will pose a substantial challenge.
Funds are disbursed by the National Health Security Office (N.H.S.O.) through the universal coverage program.
An all-inclusive insurance scheme was used to replace the inadequate Low Income household mean tested health care system. This new scheme which was originally known as the 30 BAHT project, is U.C.S. .
– Participants of the scheme get a gold card.
– Allows access to services in the health district
– if required, patients can be referred for special handling elsewhere.
As per W.H.O. in 2004, 65% of Health care was borne by the public purses and 35% by private sector.
The finance primarily gets generated from public revenues while funds are allocated based on the population on an annual basis to contracting units for primary health care.
Total population (as per records 2012)
|Gross national income per capita (PPP international $, 2012)||9,280|
|Life expectancy at birth male / female (years, 2012)||71/79|
|Deaths under five years age (per 1 000 live births, 2012)||13|
|Deaths between the age of 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population, 2012)||182/90|
|Total expenditure on health per capita (Intl $, 2012)||386|
|Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2012)||3.9|
|Latest data available from the Global Health Observatory|