Located in South East Asia, Indonesia is country consisting of a total of 17508 islands. This is the 15th largest nation in the world in terms of the land area that it covers and is also the 4th most populous country with a total population of a whopping 238 million people. Indonesia ranks 2nd in terms of its rich biodiversity, which spreads across whole of the country. Due to a very large population, poverty is very widespread in this country and due to this; many people remain untouched by healthcare facilities and other aspects of modernization and globalization.
The overall healthcare condition and quality in Indonesia is very high. The healthcare service infrastructure in this country consists of nonprofit health organizations, government health services, private sector, foreign aid and religious organizations. The fact that both private as well as public medical facilities in this country are open to foreigner makes it attract many people from across the world.
Some healthcare stats in Indonesia
As of the mid-1990s, there were 16 physicians present in Indonesia per 100000 population in Indonesia, whereas they were 50 nurses present for every 100000 persons. There are about 1833 hospitals across this country and of these; only 9 are accredited by Joint Commission International. Government of Indonesia contributes about 3.7 % of the entire GDP or Gross domestic product on healthcare.
Diseases in Indonesia
- The major killer of young children in Indonesia is unsafe drinking water which causes diarrhea.
- Even HIV/AIDS is a problem which acts as one of the biggest health threats in Indonesia. It is a fact that in Jakarta, which is the national capital of Indonesia, 17% of the prostitutes contracted HIV/AIDS.
- Dengue fever, avian influenza and dengue hemorrhagic fever are the three of the other worst health problems affecting the population of Indonesia.
- Since Malaria is also one of the killer diseases affecting many Indonesians, government of the country has targeted 2030 as the Malaria elimination year. This means that the government of Indonesia aims to achieve less than 1 case of Malaria in 1000 people.
- Many types of health ailments in Indonesia are caused due to the air that one breathes. Most of the cities are gravely affected by Smoke haze which can cause respiratory problems like upper respiratory infection, asthma, decreased function of the lung and even other problems like eye and skin issues.
- Many people die of diseases caused due to excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco in Indonesia each year and constant efforts to reduce this number are being made continuously.
Vaccinations in Indonesia
- As per WHO recommendations, children below the age of 5 have to take compulsory vaccinations include Hepatitis B.
- Some other common vaccinations available in this country are Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and HiB among others.
Some WHO stats about Indonesia as of 2012
The following are some of the important healthcare related statistics related to Indonesia:
- Life expectancy at birth (m/f)-68/71
- Probability of dying under the age of 5(per 1000 births-31
- Probability of dying between ages 15 and 60 m/f (per 1000 population)-200/166